daffodil bulbs poison

The child vomited four times. 2012;50:788-90. Azaleas and Rhododendrons (The Poison Post, Foxglove: Toxic to the Heart (The Poison Post. Plant daffodil bulbs in the fall—about 2 to 4 weeks before the ground freezes.See local frost dates and get more tips on planting fall bulbs. Put the bulbs on top of the pebbles so the tips are even with the rim of the pot. Adults have mistaken daffodil bulbs for onions. Be careful what you touch with your gloved hands after handling These toxic substances cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, irregular heart rate and breathing difficulties. Litovitz TL, Fahey BA. The bulb also contains chemicals called oxalates, which are microscopic and needle-like. All parts of the plant are toxic when ingested by your dog, but the bulb contains the highest concentration. Contact dermatitis, sometimes severe, can occur when handling tulips. How to grow daffodils. 123, No.  NCPC As an added bonus, deer won't eat them either. document.write(year); Flowers with bulbs are all potentially poisonous for rabbits. Lily-of-the-Valley: Leaves, flowers: Irregular heart beat and pulse, usually accompanied by digestive upset and mental confusion. The rash is caused by the contact of the plant’s sap with exposed skin. Her concerned mother called Poison Control for advice. 16 March 2020.https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/narcissus/, “Daffodils. daffodil poison 22 Mar 2017 . Daffodil poisoning: Daffodils contain a toxic chemical which can cause poisoning symptoms if ingested. The painful rash was given the name “daffodil picker’s rash” because it is a common condition among those who pick daffodils for a living. You will be able to plant 10-12 bulbs per square foot planting them 2-3 inches apart, so consider that when making a purchase. Daffodils contain phenanthridine alkaloids and calcium oxalate crystals that are found throughout the plant including the leaves, roots, stems, flowers, and sap. Bulbs are the most poisonous part. Yes, they are. Poisonous Flower Bulbs. Two 11-year-olds, a boy and a girl, were outside playing when they found what they thought was an onion. That's why I'm so proud of this daffodil-hellebore combination in my front garden, show above. Eating the bulb can cause severe irritation of the mouth and stomach upset. Stomach irritant. All parts of the plant are toxic with the bulbs being the most dangerous. Daffodil poisoning requires medical intervention. “Effects of Daffodil Flowers on the Water Relations and Vase Life of Roses and Tulips.” Journal of Horticulture Science. However, eating any part of the plant can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Contact Dermatitis. How serious is it? The toxins are mostly in the plant’s bulb and, if ingested, can lead to vomiting, salivation and diarrhea. Spring Rodents and deer hate them. Eating the bulb can cause severe irritation of the mouth and stomach upset. This includes plants such as daffodils, tulips, bluebells, orchids, and many more. Daffodil poisoning: Daffodils contain a toxic chemical which can cause poisoning symptoms if ingested. “Narcissus. Daffodils are classified in the Narcissus genus which is mainly made up of spring-flowering bulbs native to Europe, North Africa and Asia. The plant also has the potential to cause skin reactions in susceptible people. Keep daffodils out of the sight and reach of small children or pets. Usually yellow or white with outer petal-like segments at a right angles to a trumpet or cup in the blossom's center. Naturalizing means that the bulbs reproduce and that seed occasionally forms. Poisoning following ingestion of Narcissus tazetta bulbs by schoolchildren. Tulip bulbs contain lactones and daffodil bulbs contain lycorine. This week is meant to raise awareness of the dangers of poisoning … Next, they contain needle-like oxalate crystals that when ingested can cause skin irritation and severe burning of the lips, tongue, and mouth. Bristol's Chinese community is warned not to eat daffodils after several people are treated in hospital for the symptoms of poisoning. The falling bulbs plant the way daffodils. Common signs to watch for: Drooling Nausea Vomiting Diarrhea Increased heart rate Abdominal pain Abnormal breathing Cardiac arrhythmias 1982;306(9):547. That story is pretty dubious, but there really is an ongoing problem of people mistaking daffodil bulbs for onions. Toxicity. Daffodil poisoning requires medical intervention. Bulb size: 12 - 14cm circumference - bigger bulb means better flowers. Flowers. Make sure to wear gloves and long sleeves when you handle daffodil These symptoms are usually not life threatening and resolve within a few hours. Daffodils contain toxins that prevent rodents and deer from eating the bulbs, flowers and foliage. If you plan to add daffodils to your flower arrangement, be aware that the life of the entire arrangement will be cut nearly in half. They decided to eat it. Bulbs are the most poisonous part. Vol. 1, pp: 146-149, When to Plant Daffodils? The highest concentration of these poisonous alkaloids is found in the bulbs. Web 16 March 2020. http://gardenprofessors.com/baffling-daffs/, van Doorn, W.G. Common Name(s): Daffodils, Jonquils, Narcissus, Paperwhites, Tazettas.” North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. #6 DAFFODIL. Without sufficient light, the leaves cannot replenish the energy reserves of the bulbs. The fragrant plants are actually extremely toxic to felines. Ideally, when daffodil bulbs are dormant in summer, warm and dry soil is better than cool, wet conditions. P eople have been known to mistake daffodil bulbs for onions and the stems for a popular Chinese vegetable, ... according to the British Columbia Drug and Poison Information Centre.  |  All parts of the daffodil are toxic. Another lesser known fact about the wild daffodil is that it is highly poisonous. Either don’t plant daffodils at all or plant them in an area unreachable by your loved ones. When to Plant Daffodils. Iris: Underground stems: Severe-but not usually serious-digestive upset. Yes, daffodil bulbs are poisonous to sheep. Daffodils Growing Guides, How to Plant Daffodils? However, watching your cat frolic near one might give you cause to feel something other than giddy: worry. Keep the bulbs in the fridge if you live in a warm climate. An interesting study published in the Journal of Horticulture Science found that the sap of even one daffodil added to an arrangement of tulips and roses had a deleterious effect on all of the flowers in the arrangement. There are many different species in the genus Philodendron, and many of these are … Vol. tulip bulbs . Daffodil bulbs have crystals on the outer layers that are particularly hazardous to cats if ingested. Blooms in late Winter or spring. * A consultation fee may apply. Common garden plant grown from bulbs usually with straight, flat leaves and white or yellow flowers. Tulip and daffodil bulbs are both poisonous to dogs. Ingesting any part of this plant can be hazardous to the health of any organism other than an insect. Wear nitrile (not latex) gloves while handling tulip bulbs. Tulip bulbs contain lactones and daffodil bulbs contain lycorine. Is it toxic? When swallowed, oxalates cause severe burning and irritation of the lips, tongue, and throat. : All parts of the plant contain the alkaloid lycorine but the highest concentration is in the bulb. More severe problems such as low blood pressure, drowsiness, and damage to the liver have been reported in animals that ate very large amounts of the plant but have never been reported in humans. That being said, you can’t be too cautious when it comes to your children or pets. Usually one of the first plants to bloom in spring, daffodils (Narcissus spp. All Narcissus (daffodils included) contain an alkaloid poison called lycorine. Select a site that offers full sun or partial sun, at the least. Daffodil poisoning: Introduction. Causes of Narcissus Poisoning in Dogs The bulb of the narcissus plant contains the most toxins. © 2012- For example, daffodil bulbs are poisonous to squirrels, voles, mice, and other rodents. Can daffodil poisoning in dogs be treated? If you suspect your pet may have ingested a potentially toxic substance, call the APCC at (888) 426-4435 or contact your local veterinarian as soon as possible. Like daffodils, tulip plants grow from poisonous bulbs that resemble that of an onion. These are poisonous if ingested. For more info: The Poison Control Center publishes a pamphlet listing a number of plants considered to be toxic if eaten. Daffodils contain toxic alkaloids and glycosides. I … : All parts of the plant contain the alkaloid lycorine but the highest concentration is in the bulb. Philodendron. Killing whole bulbs requires a systemic chemical that travels through plants to their roots. Children will go for this first bright spot of color after a cold, gray winter. Warning: Keep out of the reach of children and pets. Hussein A, Yassin A. However, I found no reference to Roman soldiers carrying them for suicidal purposes. Keep seeds, bulbs, and plants up and away from children and pets. Daffodil (Narcissus species) Cultivated. Keep a sample of the plant to take with you to the doctor or vet, in case an antidote is needed. The dust from the bulbs is also dangerous when inhaled because it can destroy the tissues in the mucous membranes as well as the upper respiratory tract. As an added bonus, deer won't eat them either. Bulbs are not to be eaten as many are poisonous. Julian CG, Bowers PW. Poison Control called the mother 2 hours later. Daffodil is a common name for a family of plants called Narcissus. Please don’t eat the daffodils. Ingesting a daffodil bulb would surely cause problems for humans and animals alike. The sight alone of a daffodil may make you feel giddy inside; after all, the vivid flowering bulbs make quite a vision. To learn more about bulbs, please visit the reproduction page. Keep them out of reach and sight. On a beautiful day in April, a 4-year-old girl ate two daffodil leaves. If poisoning is suspected, ring the medical helpline or vet. They are responsible for the poisonous properties of a number of the species. Use glyphosate when bulbs are actively growing; dormant plants don't transport chemicals to roots. Store the bag of daffodil bulbs in the crisper drawer so they are out of direct light. First, they contain the toxic chemical lycorine, the highest concentration of which is in the bulb. Lycorine Dangers The daffodil bulb contains the toxic chemical lycorine, which is a phenanthridine alkaloid found in many flowering plants, such as the amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp. It turned out to be a tulip bulb. Daffodils and all types of Narcissus have poison bulbs that squirrels won’t touch, and the bulbs of hyacinth also contain toxins that keep the squirrels away. You can receive this pamphlet free in the mail by calling 1-800-222-1222. The nature and distribution of daffodil pickers’ rash. Poisoning is the #1 cause of injury-related death in the U.S. General description: Bulbous herbs 30 to 50cm tall cultivated as either garden or potted specimens.The bulbs are often mistaken for onions if stored together. Ingestion of daffodil bulbs may result in severe vomiting, oral irritation, diarrhea, drowsiness, and convulsions, while skin contact with the sap may cause skin and eye irritation (5). Daffodils could be planted at home gardens, which look wonderful together. Some daffodils resemble garlic chives The number of poisoning cases rockets every March with some non- English speakers mistaking the spring flower for the garlic chives often used in … Common garden plant grown from bulbs usually with straight, flat leaves and white or yellow flowers. If you suspect your pet may have ingested a potentially toxic substance, call the APCC at (888) 426-4435 or contact your local veterinarian as soon as possible. Suitable for full sun or partial shade, this 5kg pack of yellow daffodil bulbs will grow to a flowering height of 45cm. Daffodils contain lycorine, an emetic (a substance that induces vomiting). When ingested, the toxic glycosides in the bulbs can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Daffodil (Narcissus): A popular spring flower, which grows from a bulb. | Daffodils Growing Guides, Do Daffodils Spread? How Daffodils End Up In the Strangest Locations, How to Care for Daffodils after They Bloom, Daffodils Are “Poisonous” to Other Flowers, Narcissus. None will eat them. Daffodils are one of the most reliable spring-flowering bulbs, blooming year after year with little attention. The daffodil bulb contains the highest concentration of toxins and accidental ingestion has occurred when the bulb has been mistaken for an onion bulb. If a person is having severe throat pain, difficulty swallowing, or drooling, medical evaluation and treatment is needed. When swallowed, it can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Don’t pick plants or mushrooms growing in the wild to eat (unless you are an expert). Often planted in autumn, daffodils could bloom in late winter or early spring. Jun 24, 2017 - These plants might be pretty, but they also contain toxins and poison that could be harmful (or fatal) to humans and animals. In the fall, dig out the unwanted bulbs. Other plants that are poisonous to sheep are mistletoe, holly, English Ivy, and the castor bean. For example, if you plant 10 daffodil bulbs on a sunny hillside, you should e… Ingesting lycorine can cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. A ready-to-use, glyphosate-based herbicide will kill bulbs -- along with other plants, including grass. 2014;16(2):125-6. Toddler and Preschool Though this rash most commonly affects those who handle large quantities of daffodils, those with sensitive skin or allergies should take precautions when handling daffodils. If ingested, the daffodil bulb can cause severe allergy-like symptoms around the mouth and throat. More information Daffodil - GoodHousekeeping.com Common name: Daffodil. Daffodils, narcissi and jonquils (which are all members of the daffodil family) are mildly toxic if the bulbs are eaten in large quantities—some people confuse them for onions. Botanical name: Narcissus spp.. Other common names: Daffodil, Jonquil, Narcissus, Lent lily. All of the daffodil is poisonous, the most dangerous part is the bulb but the roots, leaves, stalks, flowers and even the dust from the skin of the bulb is also harmful to horses. While these are found throughout the flower, the highest levels are in the bulbs. In one case the points observed were: (1) the speedy action of the poison; (2) the fact that the high temperature did not destroy the toxicity of the poison; and (3) the relatively small quantity of Daffodil bulbs which caused the trouble. Daffodils are bright and fragrant flowers that bloom in the spring. There have been several cases of poisoning by Daffodil bulbs which have been eaten in mistake for onions. Daffodil bulbs have crystals on the outer layers that are particularly hazardous to cats if ingested. ---Poison and Antidotes---It may be noted that Henry states that Iycorine or narcissine in warm-blooded animals acts as an emetic causing eventually collapse and death by paralysis of the central nervous system.  |  Because of the similarity, tulip bulbs are unintentionally consumed mostly by animals like dogs. Severe poisoning from hyacinth or tulip poisoning is often seen when dogs dig up freshly planted bulbs or having access to a large bag of them. Berries/Fruits. The child had stopped vomiting, was drinking fluids, and was symptom free. Daffodils leaves are long and flat and the blossoms — six petals and trumpet in the middle — are bright yellow or white. Adults do sometimes mistake the poisonous flowering bulbs for onions or shallots. These symptoms usually last about 3 hours. Web. Daffodil bulbs look very similar to onions, and if people aren't careful, they can eat these harmful plants without realizing it. For example, daffodil bulbs are poisonous to squirrels, voles, mice, and other rodents. Bulbs are actually crucial to the reproductive process of the daffodil plant. All parts of the daffodil contain a toxic chemical, lycorine. None will eat them. Poisonous Parts of the Daffodil. Symptoms of Daffodil Poison. Toxicity. These toxic substances cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, irregular heart rate and breathing difficulties. Eating daffodils isn't as far-fetched as it sounds. Beautiful but Potentially Toxic.” Poison.org. Plant in groups of at least 6 to sweeping masses and they can be mixed with all varieties of other spring-flowering bulbs. The most dangerous part of the daffodil, however, is the bulb. bulbs or harvested flowers. Flowers. All Narcissus species contain the alkaloid poison lycorine, mostly in the bulb but also in the leaves. “The nature and distribution of daffodil pickers’ rash.” Journal of Contact Dermatitis. Bulbs: Vomiting and nervous excitement. 6, pp: 259-262, “Baffling Daffs.” Gardenprofessors.com. Bulbs are the most poisonous part. Plant daffodils where the foliage basks in no less than 6 hours of sunlight daily. The daffodil has a bulb that grows underground and looks like an onion, which is why the two can be mistaken for each other. ; Choosing and Preparing a Planting Site. One of the most common causes of daffodil poisoning in dogs is from access to bulbs because they contain the highest amount of both toxins. Family: Amaryllidaceae. Serkalem Mekonnen, RN, BSN, MPH Pet owners may know that daffodil, tulip and hyacinth bulbs can be potentially poisonous to weed-grazing dogs, while Asiatic lilies can cause kidney failure in plant-eating cats. Poison Control told the mother that vomiting is expected after swallowing any part of the daffodil, and that the concern would be if symptoms persist or worsen. Therefore, the plants tend to grow without any predators. Common Name(s): Daffodils, Jonquils, Narcissus, Paperwhites, Tazettas, Daffodils. Certified Specialist in Poison Information, Poisonous and Non-Poisonous Plants: An Illustrated List, Skin Problems from Outdoor Plants (The Poison Post®), True Stories for Spingtime (The Poison Post®), Azaleas and Rhododendrons (The Poison Post®), Foxglove: Toxic to the Heart (The Poison Post®). Here is a guide to some of the plants and bulbs your pet should avoid in spring, whether inside or outside your home. Keep the bulbs in a separate drawer away from any food. December 1997. All Narcissus species contain the alkaloid poison lycorine, mostly in the bulb but also in the leaves. Daffodils pack a one-two punch when it comes to being poisonous. They can also cause skin irritation. The first thing you will have to do when trying to remove bulbs from garden areas is to put a black plastic covering over the bulbs during growing season. In 1962 President John F. Kennedy proclaimed the third week of March as National Poison Prevention Week. Like all Narcissus species, daffodils contain the alkaloid poison lycorine, mostly in the bulb, but also in the leaves. Health risks. In small amounts, these symptoms are unpleasant, but not fatal. There have been several cases of poisoning by Daffodil bulbs which have been eaten in mistake for onions. The good news is that the same calcium oxalate crystals which are poisonous are also needle-like and very sharp, which is why animals in nature such as deer and rabbits avoid daffodils as a food source. Yes, They Are! Daffodils pack a one-two punch when it comes to being poisonous. Stomach irritant.  |  The mother was advised to give the child fluids to drink and to watch her closely. The plant’s sap contains crystals of calcium oxalate and alkaloids that act as a skin irritant resulting in sores. Daffodil The pretty flowers may be nice to look at but they belong to the Liliaceae family, which is notoriously poisonous to cats. Rabbits, cats, dogs, horses, and humans are just some of the victims of the deadly poison found in deceivingly beautiful Narcissus pseudonarcissus. Usually yellow or white with outer petal-like segments at a right angles to a trumpet or cup in the blossom's center. Posts about Poisonous Daffodil Bulbs written by James J. Murray, Fiction Writer Bulbs from many other spring flowers are also poisonous to your dog, in part because the toxins they contain are especially concentrated in the bulb. Unlike the other bulbs, however, daffodils may cause depression, hypotension or even seizures when ingested in large amounts. Mature plants reach up to 80 cm tall. Unless you know otherwise, you should assume that the entire plant, not just the bulbs are toxic to rabbits. The bulbs also contain poisonous … Daffodils, like the other spring bulbs, can also cause gastrointestinal upset leading to vomiting, diarrhea and drooling.Similar to the Tulip, Hyacinth and Iris, Daffodil bulbs also contain the highest concentration of toxins. All parts of the daffodil are toxic. Daffodil (Narcissus species) Cultivated. The part of the plant that contains the highest concentration of lycorine is the bulb. Are daffodils poisonous to cats? This Really Happened. Avoid growing or displaying daffodils where small children or pets live or play. January 1998. Isr Med Assoc J. 37, No. Plants. People who handle tulip bulbs in horticultural operations or tulip-packing sheds and have a high exposure to tulip bulb dust can develop symptoms not only in their hands but in parts of the body that haven't touched the bulb dust. Watch children closely when they play outdoors to keep them from eating unknown plants, mushrooms, or berries. The best time to plant Narcissus bulbs is in the fall. 1997;37(6);259-62. Terms of UseAbout UsCourse RegistrationPrivacy PolicyContact UsFeedbackMedical Toxicology Fellowship, True Stories for Spingtime (The Poison Post. The toxic principle of these plants is very concentrated in the bulbs (versus the leaf or flower), and when ingested in large amounts, can result in severe clinical signs. Two allergens present in tulip bulbs are tulipin A and tulipin B, which can cause skin rashes and nail brittleness. Daffodil (Narcissus): A popular spring flower, which grows from a bulb.Flowers are white or yellow. You'd think it would be hard to do, but take a look at the cases The Poison Garden website reports, of people who served daffodil instead of onions: the Poison Garden, Incidents). Bulbs rot in oxygen-depleted ground. Plant the bulbs 8 inches deep. The narcissus is known by other common names such as daffodil, paper white, jonquils, and spring bulbs. var today = new Date(); The lycorine has the ability to cause dangerous arrhythmias from cardiac changes, and the calcium oxalate can cause kidney failure if e… This will block out all the sunlight and will prevent bulbs from growing. They grow well in containers, borders and grass, with a wide range of flower shapes, forms and sizes to choose from, to brighten up your garden throughout spring. Daffodils are poisonous in that they can cause illness when ingested but rarely do they cause fatalities. Daffodil. The daffodil bulb contains the highest concentration of toxins and accidental ingestion has occurred when the bulb has been mistaken for an onion bulb. However, the daffodil bulb does not have the classic onion odor and does not cause tearing. This allows plants to multiply in number and physically spread across a landscape. Flowers are white or yellow. Matulkova P, Gobin M, Evans M, Parkyn PC, Palmer C, Oliver I. Gastro-intestinal poisoning due to consumption of daffodils mistaken for vegetables at commercial markets, Bristol, United Kingdom. * A consultation fee may apply. As long as leaves make food after flowering ends and naturally wither away by late spring, daffodils tend to naturalize. Infants N Engl J Med. Twenty minutes later, she began to vomit. If you suspect your pet may have ingested a potentially toxic substance, call the APCC at (888) 426-4435 or contact your local veterinarian as soon as possible. If the bulbs are left out, the daffodils will not winterize and they may not bloom next season. Members of the monocot subfamily Amaryllidoideae present a unique type of alkaloids, the norbelladine alkaloids, which are 4-methylcatechol derivatives combined with tyrosine. hair from your face or touch any other exposed skin. Narcissus is a genus of predominantly spring flowering perennial plants of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae.Various common names including daffodil, narcissus and jonquil are used to describe all or some members of the genus. For example, don’t brush the All parts of the plant are toxic with the bulbs being the most dangerous. The story of the daffodil is one of poison, vanity, arrogance, the underworld, Greek legend & superstition. If ingested, may cause irritation to the gastrointestinal tract with symptoms of … Because of this, daffodil bulbs and leaves … Some of the manifestations of tulip poisoning involve vomiting, nausea, hypersalivation, diarrhea, lethargy, and weakness. 16 March 2020. https://www.poison.org/articles/2015-mar/daffodils, Julian, Bowers. When swallowed, it can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Berries/Fruits. Because lycorine is a strong emetic, being, a substance that triggers vomiting, it may result in the affected dog throwing up much of the toxic daffodil that they ate back in short order, which can reduce or … Foxglove: Leaves Elementary ---Poison and Antidotes---It may be noted that Henry states that Iycorine or narcissine in warm-blooded animals acts as an emetic causing eventually collapse and death by paralysis of the central nervous system. So, when you see that striking arrangement of strictly daffodils at your favorite florist shop, you know there is a good reason! First, they contain the... Daffodil Pickers’ Rash. Clin Toxicol (Phila). Is it toxic? Gardeners usually plant daffodils in a huge amount as it makes great cut daffodil flowers for the spring season. To force daffodil bulbs in water: Choose a container 4 to 6 inches deep without drainage holes, and fill it half-full with pebbles. ), which are also known as jonquils, paper whites and narcissus, contain lycorine and other alkaloids that can be poisonous for dogs and cats. Daffodils contain lycorine, an emetic (a substance that induces vomiting). Daffodil stems, leaves, and flowers can cause nausea, diarrhea, stomach, and intestinal pain, and vomiting. large quantities of daffodil stocks and bulbs. The plant also has the potential to cause skin reactions in susceptible people. Clinical Signs: Vomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions cause convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias. Eliminating Bulb Plants. These symptoms are usually not life threatening and resolve within a few hours. Usually, the only treatment required is rinsing the mouth well and drinking water or milk. Web. var year = today.getFullYear(); That's why I'm so proud of this daffodil-hellebore combination in my front garden, show above. Blooms in late Winter or spring. A … Beautiful but Potentially Toxic. How serious is daffodil poisoning … Classified as herbaceous perennials, daffodil plants die back after flowering and regrow the following year. Daffodils Growing Guides, Are Daffodils Perennials?  |  So the moral there is don’t leave your daffodil bulbs in the kitchen! 13. If vomiting and diarrhea persist, watch for dehydration. ... for dogs is 15g of daffodil bulbs, which is not a lot. Finally, don’t be tempted to pick your own onions unless you are an expert. According to Poison.org most symptoms are not usually life-threatening and will resolve within a few hours. Will you ever look at a host of golden daffodils in the same light again?! Daffodil bulbs can sometimes be confused with onions and lead to accidental poisoning. Watch children closely when they play outdoors to prevent them from eating unknown plants or berries. The daffodil is the national flower of Wales, and also the county flower of Gloucestershire. Consumed in large quantities, hyacinth bulbs can be fatal. The American Association of Poison Control Centers reports that 53,526 people experienced exposure to toxic plants in 2010.

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