The only area in southern Mexico of effective indigenous resistance was Yucatán, inhabited by Maya societies. 1519 - Small Spanish army led by Hernan Cortes lands at Veracruz, marking the start of Spain's conquest of Mexico. The Olmec civilization lasted from 1400 to 400 BC followed by the rise of the Maya culture. He made Cortes one of his top officials. 1521: Hernán Cortés completes the conquest of Mexico. Hernando Cortes Timeline Timeline Description: Herdando (Hernan) Cortes was a Spanish conquistador that was largely responsible for the fall of the Aztec Empire and the subsequent colonization of the Americas by the Spaniards. Cortes was also responsible for claiming Mexico for the Spanish Empire. With Mexico's president still insisting on Spain's apology and calling for "reconciliation" with the Spanish over the conquest, it will continue to be present in modern-day Mexico… Cortes worked with the governor of Hispaniola, who took Cortes on a conquest of Cuba. 1511: Hernan is promoted in Cuba Diego Valasquez became the governor of Cuba. That was also the time that Spanish adventurers were swarming by the hundreds to the West Indies, following the discovery of the Americas in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. Christopher Columbus reached the Caribbean islands. 1521: Juan Ponce de León tries and fails to settle in Florida. For over 3000 years before the Europeans arrived these civilizations flourished. The Spanish Conquest The Aztec empire reached its height in the early 16th century, under Emperor Moctezuma. Conquest of Mexico-Tenochtitlan Timeline created by Barrón Lerma Angel Nahum on Nov. 17, 2020 1524: Pedro de Alvarado conquers present-day Guatemala and El Salvador . He thought he had reached the East Indies in Asia. Mexico - Mexico - Expansion of Spanish rule: After taking possession of the Aztec empire, the Spaniards quickly subjugated most of the other indigenous tribes in southern Mexico, and by 1525 Spanish rule had been extended as far south as Guatemala and Honduras. He recommended a vigorous prosecution of the war—not for conquest: that was disavowed—but for the purpose of conquering peace; that is, to compel Mexico to sign a treaty making a sufficient cession of territory to indemnify this Government both for the claims of its citizens and for the expenses of the war. Mexico was the home to many great civilizations including the Olmec, the Maya, the Zapotec, and the Aztec. The President took a different view. Therefore, he called the natives "Indian". The Spanish Conquest The Aztec empire reached its height in the early 16th century, under Emperor Moctezuma . Cortes was rewarded with land and slaves. Therefore an enormous impact in the historical development of the modern Western world occurred. The first major civilization of Mesoamerica, the Olmecs, populated southern Veracruz state and parts of Tabasco on Mexico's Gulf coast. Columbus' discovery led European countries to colonize and conquest the America for several centuries.
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