One hundred years on from the Russian Revolution, three main lessons emerge from the 75-year Great Soviet Experiment. First, the February Russian Revolution toppled the Russian monarchy and established a Provisional Government. Katie McElvanney explores how events of the Russian Revolution and civil wars were reported within Russia and abroad, and how the press was used to inform, persuade, or even repress, the masses. To establish this new legislation, Lenin ended the reign of oppressive Tsarist Russia, the Russian Provisional Government and placed the Bolsheviks in charge of what was now no longer Russia, but the Soviet Union. They cooked and cleaned, and they even bathed and dressed their masters. Russian Revolution of 1917 took place in two phases, the February Revolution and the October Revolution.While the February Revolution led to the end of tsarist autocracy in Russia with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, the October Revolution led by the Bolsheviks resulted in the establishment of the first Marxist state in the world with Vladimir Lenin as its leader. Nonetheless, Vladimir Lenin was confident in the economic revival of the Soviet Union. The revolution led to social benefits. The Bolsheviks, who comprised the majority of soldiers in combat, felt that the nobility of the country had exploited the poor for their own benefit. Anticipating an attack from Prussia and Austria, France preemptively declared war in 1792 kicking off the French Revolutionary Wars, followed by the Napoleonic Wars. However, with the revival strategies of Vladimir Lenin, Russia began to financially recover and by 1925, during the stir of Lenin’s NEP a ‘major transformation was occurring politically, economically, culturally and spiritually.’. Timelines of the Russian Revolution are often confusing because up until February 1918 Russia used a different calendar than the rest of the Western world. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the system of autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal Provisional Government (Duma), resulting in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ” (“Life in the Ghettos” B) Prisoners lived in unbearable conditions that took their sicknesses and starvation to the extreme. By the end of 1916, two years of total war had placed enormous strain on all combatant nations. WW1 had placed the people of Russia in a position where there was a major scarcity of resources, widespread famine and collapse in economy. Nothing came close to it in importance – a fact recognised at the time and which continues to prove compelling a full century later. One of the second emperors named Peter II and only ruled the throne until his death of smallpox. Very, very bad!!! The humiliating defeats that the Russian army suffered at the hands of the Germans, who expelled it from Poland, lowered the prestige of the monarchy further. In the end, the Russian Revolution was betrayed. Three years later, Lenin introduced free universal healthcare to all citizens of nation and it is clear that this would have made immediate positive effects on the quality of life for the Soviet community. Russian in 1930 lived better than in 1910; and in 1960 or 1980 lived better than any time under Tzars and Stalin. Farmers struggled to make a living, and went underappreciated even though they provided food for all of Egypt. The welfare state took on measures such as unemployment and disability insurance, and special disability benefits for the blind, widows, orphans, and the elderly through pensions. But nothing in history is inevitable. There is no progress through change without deterioration. Q. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: Following the November 1917 revolution what was the name of the government/philosophy that was introduced. In 1917 the world saw the biggest change in the social, political and economic system of Russia. Progress is an improvement upon something previously worse. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Russia was extremely reactionary country during monarchy, were only handful aristocratic families lived really good. Even before the Russian Revolution, the United States had a vibrant socialist left and radical labor movement. When the revolution become violent, members of France’s nobility fled the country to escape death. THE first crucial reform he tried to implement was abolishing of serfdom. Poor living condition and Housing problems: The don’t get proper living conditions. This philosophy had a huge impact on the economy. The Provisional Government was formed on March 1, 1917. His clothes, hair, chin, venue, even his drink, it's all soooooo Socialist?! On October 10, a secret meeting of the Bolshevik party leaders was held. Money doesn 't makes you happy, money just gives you material stuff but not happiness. There are many factors that make a country poorer than others. The Revolution in Russia occured as a reaction to the poverty which was endured by the average Russian at the time. The 1917 Russian Revolution took place in March (Gregorian Calendar). As the years pass, he ﬁlls the empty space with images of prov-inces and kingdoms, mountains, bays, ships, islands, houses, and Three Rural Issues Lenin became a darling of Russians because he guaranteed them total peace by ending the war. Although the bourgeoisie’s living conditions were more than sufficient, they weren’t satisfied by the Tsar’s autocracy. Stalin stated at a conference of the Union in February 1931 that Russia was ‘fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries’. Many Kulaks opposed the idea of collectivism and many burnt their grain and killed their animals to avoid handing them over to the Government. The 1917 Russian Revolution was not, as many people suppose, one well organised event in which Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown and Lenin and the Bolsheviks took power. Learn more about the Russian Revolution … In March 1921 he introduced the ‘New Economic Policy.’ His plan was to allow Russia to recuperate from the War Communism. Its landmass stretched from Europe to Asia and spanned one-sixth of the globe. There were many encouragements to expect more from life. Despite being one of the most important events in Mexican history and which, unfortunately, cost the lives of many people who fought for equality, the legacy of these people is still palpable. Rural Area issue, due to diminished productivity, lack of infrastructure and exploitation, and high taxation by local governments and corporations, peasants in rural areas are extremely poor. However, other Bolshevik leaders were not yet quite convinced. Russia’s government was still do… A string of unsuccessful campaigns brought corruption to the monetary structure of Russia. These people were known to not work as “for centuries together” they had spent their lives making this money, “However there were a number of [people] who [owned] large industries like mining or shipping, etc.”(Victorian Era and Social Structure 4) The people of this class were also known to be more “educated” than that of the classes that are beneath them. It was a defining event of the 20th century. These range from awareness of social rights to economic, cultural and political achievements. Communists hijacked the russian revolution for their own dictatorships. Peters reign on the throne lasted till 1725 and his empress Catherine continued until 1727. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. The author supports the concept of the «Great Russian Revolution», which unites these two events in a single process of revolutionary development. This essay will observe the political, economical , and social conditions in Russia chronologically from before the 1905 Revolution to 1924, to finally determine the extent of change meaning progress. Wealthy peasants called Kulaks were stockpiling their grain holding up for higher prices so causing extreme food shortages. General Overview: In 1917 Russia went through two revolutions: February 24–29 and October 24–25. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The 1917 Russian Revolution. It had both advantages and disadvantages. In 1919, Lenin instituted free education throughout Russia. Thus, Lenin helped lower the inequality between both genders. I still maintain that the American Revolution brought momentous benefits, but let us not overlook its costs and excesses. Undated Communist poster. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! The middle classes were wealthy, and had good living conditions. Children learned communist ideas but they were still … Workers inside a St Petersburg factory in the early 1900s. Looking for a flexible role? The author draws attention to the following advantages of the concept under consideration. After the revolution, Lenin created free education throughout Russia. The overhaul of the leadership of Tsar Nicholas II and his monarchy family and the entry of V. Lenin led to a series of social reforms that reflected the communist ideologies the country adopted. The 1917 Russian Revolution is a significant event in the Russian history, which saw the country that was Russia change through the overthrowing of Tsar Nicholas II and his monarchy family, to transforming the country into a communist state under named the Soviet Union. The first revolution overthrew the tsarist government and replaced it with a Provisional Government of Duma members (mostly members of the Cadet party), who allowed a Contact Commission of the Petrograd Soviet to advise the government. Katie McElvanney explores how events of the Russian Revolution and civil wars were reported within Russia and abroad, and how the press was used to inform, persuade, or even repress, the masses. They also worked the fields, dug canals, and worked in mines and. For several years before 1905 and especially after the humiliating Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), Though the Russian Revolutions had many benefits, the event brought along with it many social downfalls. On January 22,1905 a large strike took place under the leadership of the father Georgy Gapon. During this period of time, Russia’s traditional monarchy and Tsarist system was abolished and replaced with the world’s first Communist state. With them, they brought their wealth and education. The Russian Revolution was a groundbreaking event that changed not only the course of Russia but also the world.. At the start of the 20th century, Russia was one of the world’s largest and most powerful empires. With that in mind, here’s a look at seven ways the Russian Revolution changed the world. Those serfs had poor living conditions, and would support however proposed the best for them, as they wanted to get rid of the inequality between classes, and landlords, to own their land. The Bolsheviks believed that ‘it was through the classroom that they could condition the mind and the behaviour of children and thus create the new soviet citizens’ (Anonymous, Lenin’s Social Reforms 1917-1924). Through the New Economic Policy, smaller factories were given back to their previous owners and because the farmers now had a choice to sell their harvest, they had an incentive to produce more grain. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. This damaged France’s economy for many years to come. They fought and died for this. Workers in other countries must make their own revolutions. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. The Russian Revolution dramatically changed Russia from an autocracy to a communist system of government. By the Julian Calendar used in Russia at the time, the revolution took part in November 1917, and is therefore often referred to as the November Revolution) With Russian politics still in a state of constant flux Lenin realised that now was the time to capitalise on his party's popularity. The annual economic growth had fell from 8% to 1.4%. Though the Russian Revolutions had many benefits, the event brought along with it many social downfalls. Its causes were not so much economic or social as political and cultural. His major publications include Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, 1918 - 1920 (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and The Russian Revolution … Company Registration No: 4964706. The Russian Revolution seemed to cause much pain and misery, but the benefits from this revolution appeared to be few if any. He gave bigger autonomy for Finland and Poland. Before entering the topic in particular it is important that you know briefly what the Mexican Revolution . During the 1800s, Russia’s economy remained focused on agriculture and natural resources. The second consequence of the Russian Revolution was the rise of Lenin as a powerful leader. The Russian Revolution’s change was not progress, as disadvantages outnumbered advantages. The Russian Revolution was, while a huge economic, social, and political change, the result of a number of different factors that built up over time, including economic, military, […] The Russian Revolution is one of the most seminal events of the 20th century, ushering in a new form of politics to a major world power. The resources of poor people are very limited, and its effect can be seen in their diet. Soon after his reforms ‘women broadly participated in the Revolution and Civil War as militants, soldiers, police officials, and workers’ (Zetkin, 1920, The Women’s Question). He implemented liberal changes in universities, an in legal area. By September 1917, Lenin believed the Russian people were ready for another revolution. Russia industrialized much later than Western Europe and the United States. The lower class, however, lived in poverty. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. The Russian Revolutions of 1917 saw the collapse of the Russian Empire, a short-lived provisional government, and the creation of the world's first socialist state under the Bolsheviks. All independent newspapers were closed down, … Russia was also embroiled in World War I during this time, which only added to the unrest. The Russian Revolution of 1917 had an enormous impact on politics on a global scale for many decades. The workers on the contrary, had far worse living conditions. This provocative and eminently readable work looks at the many upheavals of the Russian Revolution as successive stages in a single process. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the UKDiss.com website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! It was meant to be a temporary body that would govern Russia in place of the Tsar until elections could be held. Russian in 1930 lived better than in 1910; and in 1960 or 1980 lived better than any time under Tzars and Stalin. Its population exceeded 100 million people, including dozens of ethnic and language groups. The revolution forced Nicholas II to resign and transformed the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) or the Soviet Union. With the Russian revolution conducted by Lenin, the USSR soon turned into a world superpower and the activist’s government style still influences communist governments today ‘ China, North Korea, Cuba, Vietnam, and Laos. Large amount of peasant finds jobs in cities, lead to low productivity in agriculture. You should feel proud of who you are no matter. For the sake of stability, tsarism insisted on rigid autocracy that effectively shut out the population from participation in government. Imagine people your age not having a place to live in, so they just sleep wherever they can, or imagine that children are sleeping with empty stomachs, almost starving, while you have so much food that you can’t even choose which one to eat now and which one to keep for later . Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? He was one of the most celebrated ones of the Romanov dynasty and influenced church’s, legislation and courts. Change can only be considered progress when its overall beneficial consequences are superior than its disadvantages, both including short, and long term consequences. The aim of these Five Year Plans was to rapidly change the Soviet Union’s economic output to be caught up with the other large economies such as the USA. Its effects are still well felt in the world today, with Russia having never fully shed the effects eighty years of Communist Party rule and the autocracy that preceded it. There is no progress through change without deterioration. The nobility, which made up a little over 1% of the population owned important portions of the land, were very wealthy. At a Women’s Congress in 1918, he stated that ‘the experience of all liberation movements has shown that the success of a revolution depends on how much the women take part in it’ (Zetkin, 1920, The Women’s Question). But today it is still possible to succeed. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Historical Background. Freedom was eradicated throughout Russia and the states took total control of the media this included, newspapers, cinema, and literature. The bureaucracy in Russia must be thrown out by the … What role did women play in the Russian Revolution and civil wars? Many froze to death in the winter”(“Life in the Ghettos” B). The Russian Revolution of 1917 had an enormous impact on politics on a global scale for many decades. The Russian Revolution has gone down in history as the victory of the workers and peasants over the czarist rulers. Here are 17 facts about the Russian Revolution. Their ascent to power ended 1,100 years of imperial rule in the world’s largest nation.